The Fatimid empire in North Africa, Egypt and Syria was at the
centre of the political and religious history of the Islamic world
in the Middle Ages, from the breakdown of the 'Abbasid empire in
the tenth century, to the invasions of the Seljuqs in the eleventh
and the Crusaders in the twelfth, leading up to its extinction by
Saladin. As Imam and Caliph, the Fatimid sovereign claimed to
inherit the religious and political authority of the Prophet, a... more...